Univalent type families

Content created by Fredrik Bakke, Egbert Rijke, Jonathan Prieto-Cubides, Julian KG, fernabnor and louismntnu.

Created on 2022-03-03.
Last modified on 2024-04-25.

module foundation.univalent-type-families where
open import foundation.action-on-identifications-functions
open import foundation.dependent-pair-types
open import foundation.equality-dependent-pair-types
open import foundation.equivalences
open import foundation.fundamental-theorem-of-identity-types
open import foundation.identity-systems
open import foundation.iterated-dependent-product-types
open import foundation.propositions
open import foundation.subuniverses
open import foundation.transport-along-identifications
open import foundation.univalence
open import foundation.universal-property-identity-systems
open import foundation.universe-levels

open import foundation-core.embeddings
open import foundation-core.function-types
open import foundation-core.identity-types
open import foundation-core.sections
open import foundation-core.torsorial-type-families


A type family B over A is said to be univalent if the map

  equiv-tr B : x = y → B x ≃ B y

is an equivalence for every x y : A. By the univalence axiom, this is equivalent to the type family B being an embedding considered as a map.


The predicate on type families of being univalent

is-univalent :
  {l1 l2 : Level} {A : UU l1}  (A  UU l2)  UU (l1  l2)
is-univalent {A = A} B = (x y : A)  is-equiv  (p : x  y)  equiv-tr B p)

module _
  {l1 l2 : Level} {A : UU l1} {B : A  UU l2}

  is-prop-is-univalent : is-prop (is-univalent B)
  is-prop-is-univalent =
    is-prop-iterated-Π 2  x y  is-property-is-equiv (equiv-tr B))

  is-univalent-Prop : Prop (l1  l2)
  pr1 is-univalent-Prop = is-univalent B
  pr2 is-univalent-Prop = is-prop-is-univalent

Univalent type families

univalent-type-family :
  {l1 : Level} (l2 : Level) (A : UU l1)  UU (l1  lsuc l2)
univalent-type-family l2 A = Σ (A  UU l2) is-univalent


The univalence axiom states that the identity family id : 𝒰 → 𝒰 is univalent

is-univalent-UU :
  (l : Level)  is-univalent (id {A = UU l})
is-univalent-UU l = univalence

Assuming the univalence axiom, type families are univalent if and only if they are embeddings as maps

Proof: We have the commuting triangle of maps

                ap B
       (x = y) -----> (B x = B y)
           \               /
            \             /
  equiv-tr B \           / equiv-eq
              ∨         ∨
              (B x ≃ B y)

where the right edge is an equivalence by the univalence axiom. Hence, the top map is an equivalence if and only if the left map is.

module _
  {l1 l2 : Level} {A : UU l1} {B : A  UU l2}

    is-emb-is-univalent :
      is-univalent B  is-emb B
    is-emb-is-univalent U x y =
        ( equiv-tr B)
        ( equiv-eq)
        ( ap B)
        ( λ where refl  refl)
        ( univalence (B x) (B y))
        ( U x y)

    is-univalent-is-emb :
      is-emb B  is-univalent B
    is-univalent-is-emb is-emb-B x y =
        ( equiv-tr B)
        ( equiv-eq)
        ( ap B)
        ( λ where refl  refl)
        ( is-emb-B x y)
        ( univalence (B x) (B y))

Univalent type families satisfy equivalence induction

module _
  {l1 l2 : Level} {A : UU l1} {B : A  UU l2}
  (U : is-univalent B)

  is-torsorial-fam-equiv-is-univalent :
    {x : A}  is-torsorial  y  B x  B y)
  is-torsorial-fam-equiv-is-univalent {x} =
    fundamental-theorem-id'  y  equiv-tr B) (U x)

  dependent-universal-property-identity-system-fam-equiv-is-univalent :
    {x : A} 
    dependent-universal-property-identity-system  y  B x  B y) id-equiv
  dependent-universal-property-identity-system-fam-equiv-is-univalent {x} =
      ( id-equiv)
      ( is-torsorial-fam-equiv-is-univalent {x})

Inclusions of subuniverses into the universe are univalent

Note. This proof relies on essential use of the univalence axiom.

module _
  {l1 l2 : Level} (S : subuniverse l1 l2)

  is-univalent-inclusion-subuniverse : is-univalent (inclusion-subuniverse S)
  is-univalent-inclusion-subuniverse =
    is-univalent-is-emb (is-emb-inclusion-subuniverse S)

See also

Recent changes