The initial category

Content created by Fredrik Bakke.

Created on 2023-11-24.
Last modified on 2024-03-11.

module category-theory.initial-category where
open import category-theory.categories
open import category-theory.functors-precategories
open import category-theory.gaunt-categories
open import category-theory.indiscrete-precategories
open import category-theory.precategories
open import category-theory.preunivalent-categories
open import category-theory.strict-categories

open import foundation.contractible-types
open import foundation.dependent-pair-types
open import foundation.empty-types
open import foundation.identity-types
open import foundation.sets
open import foundation.unit-type
open import foundation.universe-levels


The initial category is the category with no objects.


The objects and hom-sets of the initial category

obj-initial-Category : UU lzero
obj-initial-Category = empty

hom-set-initial-Category :
  obj-initial-Category  obj-initial-Category  Set lzero
hom-set-initial-Category _ _ = unit-Set

hom-initial-Category :
  obj-initial-Category  obj-initial-Category  UU lzero
hom-initial-Category x y = type-Set (hom-set-initial-Category x y)

The underlying precategory of the initial category

comp-hom-initial-Category :
  {x y z : obj-initial-Category} 
  hom-initial-Category y z  hom-initial-Category x y  hom-initial-Category x z
comp-hom-initial-Category {x} {y} {z} =
  comp-hom-indiscrete-Precategory empty {x} {y} {z}

associative-comp-hom-initial-Category :
  {x y z w : obj-initial-Category}
  (h : hom-initial-Category z w)
  (g : hom-initial-Category y z)
  (f : hom-initial-Category x y) 
  comp-hom-initial-Category {x} {y} {w}
    ( comp-hom-initial-Category {y} {z} {w} h g)
    ( f) 
  comp-hom-initial-Category {x} {z} {w}
    ( h)
    ( comp-hom-initial-Category {x} {y} {z} g f)
associative-comp-hom-initial-Category {x} {y} {z} {w} =
  associative-comp-hom-indiscrete-Precategory empty {x} {y} {z} {w}

id-hom-initial-Category : {x : obj-initial-Category}  hom-initial-Category x x
id-hom-initial-Category {x} = id-hom-indiscrete-Precategory empty {x}

left-unit-law-comp-hom-initial-Category :
  {x y : obj-initial-Category}
  (f : hom-initial-Category x y) 
  comp-hom-initial-Category {x} {y} {y} (id-hom-initial-Category {y}) f  f
left-unit-law-comp-hom-initial-Category {x} {y} =
  left-unit-law-comp-hom-indiscrete-Precategory empty {x} {y}

right-unit-law-comp-hom-initial-Category :
  {x y : obj-initial-Category}
  (f : hom-initial-Category x y) 
  comp-hom-initial-Category {x} {x} {y} f (id-hom-initial-Category {x})  f
right-unit-law-comp-hom-initial-Category {x} {y} =
  right-unit-law-comp-hom-indiscrete-Precategory empty {x} {y}

initial-Precategory : Precategory lzero lzero
initial-Precategory = indiscrete-Precategory empty

The initial category

is-category-initial-Category :
  is-category-Precategory initial-Precategory
is-category-initial-Category ()

initial-Category : Category lzero lzero
pr1 initial-Category = initial-Precategory
pr2 initial-Category = is-category-initial-Category

The initial preunivalent category

is-preunivalent-initial-Category :
  is-preunivalent-Precategory initial-Precategory
is-preunivalent-initial-Category ()

initial-Preunivalent-Category : Preunivalent-Category lzero lzero
initial-Preunivalent-Category =
  preunivalent-category-Category initial-Category

The initial strict category

is-strict-category-initial-Category :
  is-strict-category-Precategory initial-Precategory
is-strict-category-initial-Category ()

initial-Strict-Category : Strict-Category lzero lzero
pr1 initial-Strict-Category = initial-Precategory
pr2 initial-Strict-Category = is-strict-category-initial-Category

The initial gaunt category

is-gaunt-initial-Category : is-gaunt-Category initial-Category
is-gaunt-initial-Category ()

initial-Gaunt-Category : Gaunt-Category lzero lzero
pr1 initial-Gaunt-Category = initial-Category
pr2 initial-Gaunt-Category = is-gaunt-initial-Category


The initial category is initial

module _
  {l1 l2 : Level} (C : Precategory l1 l2)

  initial-functor-Precategory : functor-Precategory initial-Precategory C
  pr1 initial-functor-Precategory ()
  pr1 (pr2 initial-functor-Precategory) {()}
  pr1 (pr2 (pr2 initial-functor-Precategory)) {()}
  pr2 (pr2 (pr2 initial-functor-Precategory)) ()

    uniqueness-initial-functor-Precategory :
      (F : functor-Precategory initial-Precategory C) 
      initial-functor-Precategory  F
    uniqueness-initial-functor-Precategory F =
        ( initial-Precategory)
        ( C)
        ( initial-functor-Precategory)
        ( F)
        (  where ()) ,  where {()}))

    is-contr-functor-initial-Precategory :
      is-contr (functor-Precategory initial-Precategory C)
    pr1 is-contr-functor-initial-Precategory =
    pr2 is-contr-functor-initial-Precategory =

See also

A wikidata identifier was not available for this concept.

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