Decidable propositions

Content created by Fredrik Bakke, Egbert Rijke and Jonathan Prieto-Cubides.

Created on 2022-07-08.
Last modified on 2024-04-11.

module foundation-core.decidable-propositions where
open import foundation.coproduct-types
open import foundation.decidable-types
open import foundation.dependent-pair-types
open import foundation.double-negation
open import foundation.negation
open import foundation.propositional-truncations
open import foundation.unit-type
open import foundation.universe-levels

open import foundation-core.cartesian-product-types
open import foundation-core.empty-types
open import foundation-core.function-types
open import foundation-core.functoriality-dependent-pair-types
open import foundation-core.propositions
open import foundation-core.subtypes


A decidable proposition is a proposition that has a decidable underlying type.


The subtype of decidable propositions

is-decidable-prop : {l : Level}  UU l  UU l
is-decidable-prop A = is-prop A × is-decidable A

is-prop-is-decidable :
  {l : Level} {A : UU l}  is-prop A  is-prop (is-decidable A)
is-prop-is-decidable is-prop-A =
  is-prop-coproduct intro-double-negation is-prop-A is-prop-neg

is-decidable-Prop :
  {l : Level}  Prop l  Prop l
pr1 (is-decidable-Prop P) = is-decidable (type-Prop P)
pr2 (is-decidable-Prop P) = is-prop-is-decidable (is-prop-type-Prop P)

is-prop-is-decidable-prop :
  {l : Level} (X : UU l)  is-prop (is-decidable-prop X)
is-prop-is-decidable-prop X =
    ( λ H 
        ( is-prop-is-prop X)
        ( is-prop-is-decidable (pr1 H)))

is-decidable-prop-Prop :
  {l : Level} (A : UU l)  Prop l
pr1 (is-decidable-prop-Prop A) = is-decidable-prop A
pr2 (is-decidable-prop-Prop A) = is-prop-is-decidable-prop A

Decidable propositions

Decidable-Prop :
  (l : Level)  UU (lsuc l)
Decidable-Prop l = type-subtype is-decidable-prop-Prop

module _
  {l : Level} (P : Decidable-Prop l)

  prop-Decidable-Prop : Prop l
  prop-Decidable-Prop = tot  x  pr1) P

  type-Decidable-Prop : UU l
  type-Decidable-Prop = type-Prop prop-Decidable-Prop

    is-prop-type-Decidable-Prop : is-prop type-Decidable-Prop
    is-prop-type-Decidable-Prop = is-prop-type-Prop prop-Decidable-Prop

  is-decidable-Decidable-Prop : is-decidable type-Decidable-Prop
  is-decidable-Decidable-Prop = pr2 (pr2 P)

  is-decidable-prop-type-Decidable-Prop : is-decidable-prop type-Decidable-Prop
  is-decidable-prop-type-Decidable-Prop = pr2 P

  is-decidable-prop-Decidable-Prop : Prop l
  pr1 is-decidable-prop-Decidable-Prop = is-decidable type-Decidable-Prop
  pr2 is-decidable-prop-Decidable-Prop =
    is-prop-is-decidable is-prop-type-Decidable-Prop

The empty type is a decidable proposition

is-decidable-prop-empty : is-decidable-prop empty
pr1 is-decidable-prop-empty = is-prop-empty
pr2 is-decidable-prop-empty = inr id

empty-Decidable-Prop : Decidable-Prop lzero
pr1 empty-Decidable-Prop = empty
pr2 empty-Decidable-Prop = is-decidable-prop-empty

The unit type is a decidable proposition

is-decidable-prop-unit : is-decidable-prop unit
pr1 is-decidable-prop-unit = is-prop-unit
pr2 is-decidable-prop-unit = inl star

unit-Decidable-Prop : Decidable-Prop lzero
pr1 unit-Decidable-Prop = unit
pr2 unit-Decidable-Prop = is-decidable-prop-unit

The product of two decidable propositions is a decidable proposition

module _
  {l1 l2 : Level} (P : Decidable-Prop l1) (Q : Decidable-Prop l2)

  type-product-Decidable-Prop : UU (l1  l2)
  type-product-Decidable-Prop =
    type-product-Prop (prop-Decidable-Prop P) (prop-Decidable-Prop Q)

  is-prop-product-Decidable-Prop : is-prop type-product-Decidable-Prop
  is-prop-product-Decidable-Prop =
    is-prop-product-Prop (prop-Decidable-Prop P) (prop-Decidable-Prop Q)

  is-decidable-product-Decidable-Prop : is-decidable type-product-Decidable-Prop
  is-decidable-product-Decidable-Prop =
      ( is-decidable-Decidable-Prop P)
      ( is-decidable-Decidable-Prop Q)

  is-decidable-prop-product-Decidable-Prop :
    is-decidable-prop type-product-Decidable-Prop
  pr1 is-decidable-prop-product-Decidable-Prop = is-prop-product-Decidable-Prop
  pr2 is-decidable-prop-product-Decidable-Prop =

  product-Decidable-Prop : Decidable-Prop (l1  l2)
  pr1 product-Decidable-Prop = type-product-Decidable-Prop
  pr2 product-Decidable-Prop = is-decidable-prop-product-Decidable-Prop

Decidability of a propositional truncation

  is-prop-is-decidable-trunc-Prop :
    {l : Level} (A : UU l)  is-prop (is-decidable (type-trunc-Prop A))
  is-prop-is-decidable-trunc-Prop A =
    is-prop-is-decidable is-prop-type-trunc-Prop

is-decidable-trunc-Prop : {l : Level}  UU l  Prop l
pr1 (is-decidable-trunc-Prop A) = is-decidable (type-trunc-Prop A)
pr2 (is-decidable-trunc-Prop A) = is-prop-is-decidable-trunc-Prop A

is-decidable-trunc-Prop-is-merely-decidable :
  {l : Level} (A : UU l) 
  is-merely-decidable A  is-decidable (type-trunc-Prop A)
is-decidable-trunc-Prop-is-merely-decidable A =
    ( is-decidable-trunc-Prop A)
    ( f)
  f : is-decidable A  type-Prop (is-decidable-trunc-Prop A)
  f (inl a) = inl (unit-trunc-Prop a)
  f (inr f) = inr (map-universal-property-trunc-Prop empty-Prop f)

is-merely-decidable-is-decidable-trunc-Prop :
  {l : Level} (A : UU l) 
  is-decidable (type-trunc-Prop A)  is-merely-decidable A
is-merely-decidable-is-decidable-trunc-Prop A (inl x) =
  apply-universal-property-trunc-Prop x
    ( is-merely-decidable-Prop A)
    ( unit-trunc-Prop  inl)
is-merely-decidable-is-decidable-trunc-Prop A (inr f) =
  unit-trunc-Prop (inr (f  unit-trunc-Prop))

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