Unit elements in the standard finite types

Content created by Fredrik Bakke, Egbert Rijke, Jonathan Prieto-Cubides and Alec Barreto.

Created on 2022-03-14.
Last modified on 2023-09-24.

module elementary-number-theory.unit-elements-standard-finite-types where
open import elementary-number-theory.congruence-natural-numbers
open import elementary-number-theory.distance-natural-numbers
open import elementary-number-theory.divisibility-standard-finite-types
open import elementary-number-theory.modular-arithmetic-standard-finite-types
open import elementary-number-theory.multiplication-natural-numbers
open import elementary-number-theory.natural-numbers
open import elementary-number-theory.squares-natural-numbers

open import foundation.action-on-identifications-functions
open import foundation.dependent-pair-types
open import foundation.identity-types
open import foundation.universe-levels

open import univalent-combinatorics.standard-finite-types


A unit element in a standard finite type is a divisor of one


Units in the standard finite types

is-unit-Fin : (k : )  Fin k  UU lzero
is-unit-Fin (succ-ℕ k) x = div-Fin (succ-ℕ k) x (one-Fin k)

unit-Fin :   UU lzero
unit-Fin k = Σ (Fin k) (is-unit-Fin k)


One is a unit

is-unit-one-Fin : {k : }  is-unit-Fin (succ-ℕ k) (one-Fin k)
is-unit-one-Fin {k} = refl-div-Fin (one-Fin k)

one-unit-Fin : {k : }  unit-Fin (succ-ℕ k)
pr1 (one-unit-Fin {k}) = one-Fin k
pr2 (one-unit-Fin {k}) = is-unit-one-Fin

Negative one is a unit

is-unit-neg-one-Fin : {k : }  is-unit-Fin (succ-ℕ k) (neg-one-Fin k)
is-unit-neg-one-Fin {zero-ℕ} = refl-div-Fin (neg-one-Fin 0)
pr1 (is-unit-neg-one-Fin {succ-ℕ k}) = neg-one-Fin (succ-ℕ k)
pr2 (is-unit-neg-one-Fin {succ-ℕ k}) =
    ( succ-ℕ k)
    ( (succ-ℕ k) *ℕ (succ-ℕ k))
    ( 1)
    ( concatenate-eq-cong-ℕ
      ( succ-ℕ (succ-ℕ k))
      { x3 = 1}
      ( square-succ-ℕ k)
      ( pair k
        ( ( commutative-mul-ℕ k (succ-ℕ (succ-ℕ k))) 
          ( inv (right-unit-law-dist-ℕ ((succ-ℕ (succ-ℕ k)) *ℕ k))))))

neg-one-unit-Fin : (k : )  unit-Fin (succ-ℕ k)
pr1 (neg-one-unit-Fin k) = neg-one-Fin k
pr2 (neg-one-unit-Fin k) = is-unit-neg-one-Fin

Units are closed under multiplication

is-unit-mul-Fin :
  {k : } {x y : Fin k} 
  is-unit-Fin k x  is-unit-Fin k y  is-unit-Fin k (mul-Fin k x y)
pr1 (is-unit-mul-Fin {succ-ℕ k} {x} {y} (pair d p) (pair e q)) =
  mul-Fin (succ-ℕ k) e d
pr2 (is-unit-mul-Fin {succ-ℕ k} {x} {y} (pair d p) (pair e q)) =
  ( associative-mul-Fin (succ-ℕ k) e d (mul-Fin (succ-ℕ k) x y)) 
    ( ( ap
        ( mul-Fin (succ-ℕ k) e)
        ( ( inv (associative-mul-Fin (succ-ℕ k) d x y)) 
          ( ap (mul-Fin' (succ-ℕ k) y) p  left-unit-law-mul-Fin k y))) 
      ( q))

mul-unit-Fin : (k : )  unit-Fin k  unit-Fin k  unit-Fin k
pr1 (mul-unit-Fin k u v) = mul-Fin k (pr1 u) (pr1 v)
pr2 (mul-unit-Fin k u v) = is-unit-mul-Fin (pr2 u) (pr2 v)

The multiplicative inverse of a unit

inv-unit-Fin : {k : }  unit-Fin k  unit-Fin k
pr1 (inv-unit-Fin {succ-ℕ k} (pair u (pair v p))) = v
pr1 (pr2 (inv-unit-Fin {succ-ℕ k} (pair u (pair v p)))) = u
pr2 (pr2 (inv-unit-Fin {succ-ℕ k} (pair u (pair v p)))) =
  commutative-mul-Fin (succ-ℕ k) u v  p

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