Binary functoriality of set quotients

Content created by Fredrik Bakke, Egbert Rijke, Jonathan Prieto-Cubides, Daniel Gratzer, Elisabeth Stenholm, Julian KG, fernabnor and louismntnu.

Created on 2023-02-05.
Last modified on 2024-02-06.

{-# OPTIONS --lossy-unification #-}

module foundation.binary-functoriality-set-quotients where
Imports
open import foundation.binary-homotopies
open import foundation.dependent-pair-types
open import foundation.exponents-set-quotients
open import foundation.function-extensionality
open import foundation.functoriality-set-quotients
open import foundation.fundamental-theorem-of-identity-types
open import foundation.homotopies
open import foundation.identity-types
open import foundation.reflecting-maps-equivalence-relations
open import foundation.set-quotients
open import foundation.sets
open import foundation.subtype-identity-principle
open import foundation.surjective-maps
open import foundation.universal-property-set-quotients
open import foundation.universe-levels

open import foundation-core.contractible-types
open import foundation-core.equivalence-relations
open import foundation-core.equivalences
open import foundation-core.function-types
open import foundation-core.functoriality-dependent-function-types
open import foundation-core.functoriality-dependent-pair-types
open import foundation-core.propositions
open import foundation-core.subtypes
open import foundation-core.torsorial-type-families

Idea

Given three types A, B, and C equipped with equivalence relations R, S, and T, respectively, any binary operation f : A → B → C such that for any x x' : A such that R x x' holds, and for any y y' : B such that S y y' holds, the relation T (f x y) (f x' y') holds extends uniquely to a binary operation g : A/R → B/S → C/T such that g (q x) (q y) = q (f x y) for all x : A and y : B.

Definition

Binary hom of equivalence relation

module _
  {l1 l2 l3 l4 l5 l6 : Level}
  {A : UU l1} (R : equivalence-relation l2 A)
  {B : UU l3} (S : equivalence-relation l4 B)
  {C : UU l5} (T : equivalence-relation l6 C)
  where

  preserves-sim-prop-binary-map-equivalence-relation :
    (A  B  C)  Prop (l1  l2  l3  l4  l6)
  preserves-sim-prop-binary-map-equivalence-relation f =
    implicit-Π-Prop A
      ( λ x 
        implicit-Π-Prop A
          ( λ x' 
            implicit-Π-Prop B
              ( λ y 
                implicit-Π-Prop B
                  ( λ y' 
                    function-Prop
                      ( sim-equivalence-relation R x x')
                      ( function-Prop
                        ( sim-equivalence-relation S y y')
                        ( prop-equivalence-relation T (f x y) (f x' y')))))))

  preserves-sim-binary-map-equivalence-relation :
    (A  B  C)  UU (l1  l2  l3  l4  l6)
  preserves-sim-binary-map-equivalence-relation f =
    type-Prop (preserves-sim-prop-binary-map-equivalence-relation f)

  is-prop-preserves-sim-binary-map-equivalence-relation :
    (f : A  B  C)  is-prop (preserves-sim-binary-map-equivalence-relation f)
  is-prop-preserves-sim-binary-map-equivalence-relation f =
    is-prop-type-Prop (preserves-sim-prop-binary-map-equivalence-relation f)

  binary-hom-equivalence-relation : UU (l1  l2  l3  l4  l5  l6)
  binary-hom-equivalence-relation =
    type-subtype preserves-sim-prop-binary-map-equivalence-relation

  map-binary-hom-equivalence-relation :
    (f : binary-hom-equivalence-relation)  A  B  C
  map-binary-hom-equivalence-relation = pr1

  preserves-sim-binary-hom-equivalence-relation :
    (f : binary-hom-equivalence-relation) 
    preserves-sim-binary-map-equivalence-relation
      ( map-binary-hom-equivalence-relation f)
  preserves-sim-binary-hom-equivalence-relation = pr2

Properties

Characterization of equality of binary-hom-equivalence-relation

module _
  {l1 l2 l3 l4 l5 l6 : Level}
  {A : UU l1} (R : equivalence-relation l2 A)
  {B : UU l3} (S : equivalence-relation l4 B)
  {C : UU l5} (T : equivalence-relation l6 C)
  where

  binary-htpy-hom-equivalence-relation :
    (f g : binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T)  UU (l1  l3  l5)
  binary-htpy-hom-equivalence-relation f g =
    binary-htpy
      ( map-binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T f)
      ( map-binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T g)

  refl-binary-htpy-hom-equivalence-relation :
    (f : binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T) 
    binary-htpy-hom-equivalence-relation f f
  refl-binary-htpy-hom-equivalence-relation f =
    refl-binary-htpy (map-binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T f)

  binary-htpy-eq-hom-equivalence-relation :
    (f g : binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T) 
    (f  g)  binary-htpy-hom-equivalence-relation f g
  binary-htpy-eq-hom-equivalence-relation f .f refl =
    refl-binary-htpy-hom-equivalence-relation f

  is-torsorial-binary-htpy-hom-equivalence-relation :
    (f : binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T) 
    is-torsorial (binary-htpy-hom-equivalence-relation f)
  is-torsorial-binary-htpy-hom-equivalence-relation f =
    is-torsorial-Eq-subtype
      ( is-torsorial-binary-htpy
        ( map-binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T f))
      ( is-prop-preserves-sim-binary-map-equivalence-relation R S T)
      ( map-binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T f)
      ( refl-binary-htpy-hom-equivalence-relation f)
      ( preserves-sim-binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T f)

  is-equiv-binary-htpy-eq-hom-equivalence-relation :
    (f g : binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T) 
    is-equiv (binary-htpy-eq-hom-equivalence-relation f g)
  is-equiv-binary-htpy-eq-hom-equivalence-relation f =
    fundamental-theorem-id
      ( is-torsorial-binary-htpy-hom-equivalence-relation f)
      ( binary-htpy-eq-hom-equivalence-relation f)

  extensionality-binary-hom-equivalence-relation :
    (f g : binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T) 
    (f  g)  binary-htpy-hom-equivalence-relation f g
  pr1 (extensionality-binary-hom-equivalence-relation f g) =
    binary-htpy-eq-hom-equivalence-relation f g
  pr2 (extensionality-binary-hom-equivalence-relation f g) =
    is-equiv-binary-htpy-eq-hom-equivalence-relation f g

  eq-binary-htpy-hom-equivalence-relation :
    (f g : binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T) 
    binary-htpy-hom-equivalence-relation f g  f  g
  eq-binary-htpy-hom-equivalence-relation f g =
    map-inv-equiv (extensionality-binary-hom-equivalence-relation f g)

The type binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T is equivalent to the type hom-equivalence-relation R (equivalence-relation-hom-equivalence-relation S T)

module _
  {l1 l2 l3 l4 l5 l6 : Level}
  {A : UU l1} (R : equivalence-relation l2 A)
  {B : UU l3} (S : equivalence-relation l4 B)
  {C : UU l5} (T : equivalence-relation l6 C)
  where

  map-hom-binary-hom-equivalence-relation :
    binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T  A  hom-equivalence-relation S T
  pr1 (map-hom-binary-hom-equivalence-relation f a) =
    map-binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T f a
  pr2 (map-hom-binary-hom-equivalence-relation f a) {x} {y} =
    preserves-sim-binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T f
      ( refl-equivalence-relation R a)

  preserves-sim-hom-binary-hom-equivalence-relation :
    (f : binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T) 
    preserves-sim-equivalence-relation R
      ( equivalence-relation-hom-equivalence-relation S T)
      ( map-hom-binary-hom-equivalence-relation f)
  preserves-sim-hom-binary-hom-equivalence-relation f r b =
    preserves-sim-binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T f r
      ( refl-equivalence-relation S b)

  hom-binary-hom-equivalence-relation :
    binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T 
    hom-equivalence-relation R
      ( equivalence-relation-hom-equivalence-relation S T)
  pr1 (hom-binary-hom-equivalence-relation f) =
    map-hom-binary-hom-equivalence-relation f
  pr2 (hom-binary-hom-equivalence-relation f) =
    preserves-sim-hom-binary-hom-equivalence-relation f

  map-binary-hom-hom-equivalence-relation :
    hom-equivalence-relation R
      ( equivalence-relation-hom-equivalence-relation S T) 
    A  B  C
  map-binary-hom-hom-equivalence-relation f x =
    map-hom-equivalence-relation S T
      ( map-hom-equivalence-relation R
        ( equivalence-relation-hom-equivalence-relation S T)
        ( f)
        ( x))

  preserves-sim-binary-hom-hom-equivalence-relation :
    (f :
      hom-equivalence-relation R
        ( equivalence-relation-hom-equivalence-relation S T)) 
    preserves-sim-binary-map-equivalence-relation R S T
      ( map-binary-hom-hom-equivalence-relation f)
  preserves-sim-binary-hom-hom-equivalence-relation f {x} {x'} {y} {y'} r s =
    transitive-equivalence-relation T
      ( pr1
        ( map-hom-equivalence-relation
            R (equivalence-relation-hom-equivalence-relation S T) f x)
        ( y))
      ( pr1
        ( map-hom-equivalence-relation
            R (equivalence-relation-hom-equivalence-relation S T) f x') y)
      ( map-hom-equivalence-relation S T (pr1 f x') y')
      ( preserves-sim-hom-equivalence-relation S T
        ( map-hom-equivalence-relation
            R (equivalence-relation-hom-equivalence-relation S T) f x')
        ( s))
      ( preserves-sim-hom-equivalence-relation
          R (equivalence-relation-hom-equivalence-relation S T) f r y)

  binary-hom-hom-equivalence-relation :
    hom-equivalence-relation R
      ( equivalence-relation-hom-equivalence-relation S T) 
    binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T
  pr1 (binary-hom-hom-equivalence-relation f) =
    map-binary-hom-hom-equivalence-relation f
  pr2 (binary-hom-hom-equivalence-relation f) =
    preserves-sim-binary-hom-hom-equivalence-relation f

  is-section-binary-hom-hom-equivalence-relation :
    ( hom-binary-hom-equivalence-relation 
      binary-hom-hom-equivalence-relation) ~
    id
  is-section-binary-hom-hom-equivalence-relation f =
    eq-htpy-hom-equivalence-relation R
      ( equivalence-relation-hom-equivalence-relation S T)
      ( hom-binary-hom-equivalence-relation
        ( binary-hom-hom-equivalence-relation f))
      ( f)
      ( λ x 
        eq-htpy-hom-equivalence-relation S T
          ( map-hom-equivalence-relation R
            ( equivalence-relation-hom-equivalence-relation S T)
            ( hom-binary-hom-equivalence-relation
              ( binary-hom-hom-equivalence-relation f))
            ( x))
          ( map-hom-equivalence-relation
              R (equivalence-relation-hom-equivalence-relation S T) f x)
          ( refl-htpy))

  is-retraction-binary-hom-hom-equivalence-relation :
    ( binary-hom-hom-equivalence-relation 
      hom-binary-hom-equivalence-relation) ~
    id
  is-retraction-binary-hom-hom-equivalence-relation f =
    eq-binary-htpy-hom-equivalence-relation R S T
      ( binary-hom-hom-equivalence-relation
        ( hom-binary-hom-equivalence-relation f))
      ( f)
      ( refl-binary-htpy (map-binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T f))

  is-equiv-hom-binary-hom-equivalence-relation :
    is-equiv hom-binary-hom-equivalence-relation
  is-equiv-hom-binary-hom-equivalence-relation =
    is-equiv-is-invertible
      binary-hom-hom-equivalence-relation
      is-section-binary-hom-hom-equivalence-relation
      is-retraction-binary-hom-hom-equivalence-relation

  equiv-hom-binary-hom-equivalence-relation :
    binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T 
    hom-equivalence-relation R
      ( equivalence-relation-hom-equivalence-relation S T)
  pr1 equiv-hom-binary-hom-equivalence-relation =
    hom-binary-hom-equivalence-relation
  pr2 equiv-hom-binary-hom-equivalence-relation =
    is-equiv-hom-binary-hom-equivalence-relation

Binary functoriality of types that satisfy the universal property of set quotients

module _
  {l1 l2 l3 l4 l5 l6 l7 l8 l9 : Level}
  {A : UU l1} (R : equivalence-relation l2 A)
  (QR : Set l3) (qR : reflecting-map-equivalence-relation R (type-Set QR))
  {B : UU l4} (S : equivalence-relation l5 B)
  (QS : Set l6) (qS : reflecting-map-equivalence-relation S (type-Set QS))
  {C : UU l7} (T : equivalence-relation l8 C)
  (QT : Set l9) (qT : reflecting-map-equivalence-relation T (type-Set QT))
  (UqR : is-set-quotient R QR qR)
  (UqS : is-set-quotient S QS qS)
  (UqT : is-set-quotient T QT qT)
  (f : binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T)
  where

  private
    p :
      (x : A) (y : B) 
      map-reflecting-map-equivalence-relation T qT
        ( map-binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T f x y) 
      inclusion-is-set-quotient-hom-equivalence-relation S QS qS UqS T QT qT UqT
        ( quotient-hom-equivalence-relation-Set S T)
        ( reflecting-map-quotient-map-hom-equivalence-relation S T)
        ( is-set-quotient-set-quotient-hom-equivalence-relation S T)
        ( quotient-map-hom-equivalence-relation S T
          ( map-hom-binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T f x))
        ( map-reflecting-map-equivalence-relation S qS y)
    p x y =
      ( inv
        ( coherence-square-map-is-set-quotient S QS qS T QT qT UqS UqT
          ( map-hom-binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T f x)
          ( y))) 
      ( inv
        ( htpy-eq
          ( triangle-inclusion-is-set-quotient-hom-equivalence-relation
            S QS qS UqS T QT qT UqT
            ( quotient-hom-equivalence-relation-Set S T)
            ( reflecting-map-quotient-map-hom-equivalence-relation S T)
            ( is-set-quotient-set-quotient-hom-equivalence-relation S T)
            ( map-hom-binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T f x))
          ( map-reflecting-map-equivalence-relation S qS y)))

  unique-binary-map-is-set-quotient :
    is-contr
      ( Σ ( type-Set QR  type-Set QS  type-Set QT)
          ( λ h 
            (x : A) (y : B) 
            ( h ( map-reflecting-map-equivalence-relation R qR x)
                ( map-reflecting-map-equivalence-relation S qS y)) 
            ( map-reflecting-map-equivalence-relation T qT
              ( map-binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T f x y))))
  unique-binary-map-is-set-quotient =
    is-contr-equiv
      ( Σ ( type-Set QR  set-quotient-hom-equivalence-relation S T)
          ( λ h 
            ( x : A) 
            ( h (map-reflecting-map-equivalence-relation R qR x)) 
            ( quotient-map-hom-equivalence-relation S T
              ( map-hom-binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T f x))))
      ( equiv-tot
        ( λ h 
          ( equiv-inv-htpy
            ( ( quotient-map-hom-equivalence-relation S T) 
              ( map-hom-binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T f))
            ( h  map-reflecting-map-equivalence-relation R qR))) ∘e
        ( ( inv-equiv
            ( equiv-postcomp-extension-surjection
              ( map-reflecting-map-equivalence-relation R qR ,
                is-surjective-is-set-quotient R QR qR UqR)
              ( ( quotient-map-hom-equivalence-relation S T) 
                ( map-hom-binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T f))
              ( emb-inclusion-is-set-quotient-hom-equivalence-relation
                S QS qS UqS T QT qT UqT
                ( quotient-hom-equivalence-relation-Set S T)
                ( reflecting-map-quotient-map-hom-equivalence-relation S T)
                ( is-set-quotient-set-quotient-hom-equivalence-relation
                    S T)))) ∘e
          ( equiv-tot
            ( λ h 
              equiv-Π-equiv-family
                ( λ x 
                  ( inv-equiv equiv-funext) ∘e
                  ( inv-equiv
                    ( equiv-dependent-universal-property-surj-is-surjective
                      ( map-reflecting-map-equivalence-relation S qS)
                      ( is-surjective-is-set-quotient S QS qS UqS)
                      ( λ u 
                        Id-Prop QT
                        ( inclusion-is-set-quotient-hom-equivalence-relation
                          S QS qS UqS T QT qT UqT
                          ( quotient-hom-equivalence-relation-Set S T)
                          ( reflecting-map-quotient-map-hom-equivalence-relation
                              S T)
                          ( is-set-quotient-set-quotient-hom-equivalence-relation
                              S T)
                          ( quotient-map-hom-equivalence-relation S T
                            ( map-hom-binary-hom-equivalence-relation
                                R S T f x))
                          ( u))
                        ( h
                          ( map-reflecting-map-equivalence-relation R qR x)
                          ( u)))) ∘e
                    ( equiv-Π-equiv-family
                      ( λ y 
                        ( equiv-inv _ _) ∘e
                        ( equiv-concat'
                          ( h
                            ( map-reflecting-map-equivalence-relation R qR x)
                            ( map-reflecting-map-equivalence-relation S qS y))
                          ( p x y))))))))))
      ( unique-map-is-set-quotient R QR qR
        ( equivalence-relation-hom-equivalence-relation S T)
        ( quotient-hom-equivalence-relation-Set S T)
        ( reflecting-map-quotient-map-hom-equivalence-relation S T)
        ( UqR)
        ( is-set-quotient-set-quotient-hom-equivalence-relation S T)
        ( hom-binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T f))

  binary-map-is-set-quotient : hom-Set QR (hom-set-Set QS QT)
  binary-map-is-set-quotient =
    pr1 (center unique-binary-map-is-set-quotient)

  compute-binary-map-is-set-quotient :
    (x : A) (y : B) 
    binary-map-is-set-quotient
      ( map-reflecting-map-equivalence-relation R qR x)
      ( map-reflecting-map-equivalence-relation S qS y) 
    map-reflecting-map-equivalence-relation
      T qT (map-binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T f x y)
  compute-binary-map-is-set-quotient =
    pr2 (center unique-binary-map-is-set-quotient)

Binary functoriality of set quotients

module _
  {l1 l2 l3 l4 l5 l6 : Level}
  {A : UU l1} (R : equivalence-relation l2 A)
  {B : UU l3} (S : equivalence-relation l4 B)
  {C : UU l5} (T : equivalence-relation l6 C)
  (f : binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T)
  where

  unique-binary-map-set-quotient :
    is-contr
      ( Σ ( set-quotient R  set-quotient S  set-quotient T)
          ( λ h 
            (x : A) (y : B) 
            ( h (quotient-map R x) (quotient-map S y)) 
            ( quotient-map T
              ( map-binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T f x y))))
  unique-binary-map-set-quotient =
    unique-binary-map-is-set-quotient
      ( R)
      ( quotient-Set R)
      ( reflecting-map-quotient-map R)
      ( S)
      ( quotient-Set S)
      ( reflecting-map-quotient-map S)
      ( T)
      ( quotient-Set T)
      ( reflecting-map-quotient-map T)
      ( is-set-quotient-set-quotient R)
      ( is-set-quotient-set-quotient S)
      ( is-set-quotient-set-quotient T)
      ( f)

  binary-map-set-quotient : set-quotient R  set-quotient S  set-quotient T
  binary-map-set-quotient =
    pr1 (center unique-binary-map-set-quotient)

  compute-binary-map-set-quotient :
    (x : A) (y : B) 
    ( binary-map-set-quotient (quotient-map R x) (quotient-map S y)) 
    ( quotient-map T (map-binary-hom-equivalence-relation R S T f x y))
  compute-binary-map-set-quotient =
    pr2 (center unique-binary-map-set-quotient)

Recent changes