Operations on spans

Content created by Egbert Rijke.

Created on 2024-01-28.
Last modified on 2024-01-28.

module foundation-core.operations-spans where
Imports
open import foundation.dependent-pair-types
open import foundation.morphisms-arrows
open import foundation.spans
open import foundation.universe-levels

open import foundation-core.function-types

Idea

This file contains some operations on spans that produce new spans from given spans and possibly other data.

Definitions

Concatenating spans and maps on both sides

Consider a span s given by

       f       g
  A <----- S -----> B

and maps i : A → A' and j : B → B'. The concatenation span of i, s, and j is the span

       i ∘ f     j ∘ g
  A' <------- S -------> B.
module _
  {l1 l2 l3 l4 l5 : Level}
  {A : UU l1} {A' : UU l2}
  {B : UU l3} {B' : UU l4}
  where

  concat-span : span l5 A B  (A  A')  (B  B')  span l5 A' B'
  pr1 (concat-span s i j) = spanning-type-span s
  pr1 (pr2 (concat-span s i j)) = i  left-map-span s
  pr2 (pr2 (concat-span s i j)) = j  right-map-span s

Concatenating spans and maps on the left

Consider a span s given by

       f       g
  A <----- S -----> B

and a map i : A → A'. The left concatenation of s by i is the span

       i ∘ f      g
  A' <------- S -----> B.
module _
  {l1 l2 l3 l4 : Level}
  {A : UU l1} {A' : UU l2}
  {B : UU l3}
  where

  left-concat-span : span l4 A B  (A  A')  span l4 A' B
  left-concat-span s f = concat-span s f id

Concatenating spans and maps on the right

Consider a span s given by

       f       g
  A <----- S -----> B

and a map j : B → B'. The right concatenation of s by j is the span

        f      j ∘ g
  A' <----- S -------> B.
module _
  {l1 l2 l3 l4 : Level}
  {A : UU l1}
  {B : UU l3} {B' : UU l4}
  where

  right-concat-span : span l4 A B  (B  B')  span l4 A B'
  right-concat-span s g = concat-span s id g

Concatenating spans and morphisms of arrows on the left

Consider a span s given by

       f       g
  A <----- S -----> B

and a morphism of arrows h : hom-arrow f' f as indicated in the diagram

          f'
     A' <---- S'
     |        |
  h₀ |        | h₁
     V        V
     A <----- S -----> B.
          f       g

Then we obtain a span A' <- S' -> B.

module _
  {l1 l2 l3 l4 l5 : Level} {A : UU l1} {B : UU l2} (s : span l3 A B)
  {S' : UU l4} {A' : UU l5} (f' : S'  A') (h : hom-arrow f' (left-map-span s))
  where

  spanning-type-left-concat-hom-arrow-span : UU l4
  spanning-type-left-concat-hom-arrow-span = S'

  left-map-left-concat-hom-arrow-span :
    spanning-type-left-concat-hom-arrow-span  A'
  left-map-left-concat-hom-arrow-span = f'

  right-map-left-concat-hom-arrow-span :
    spanning-type-left-concat-hom-arrow-span  B
  right-map-left-concat-hom-arrow-span =
    right-map-span s  map-domain-hom-arrow f' (left-map-span s) h

  left-concat-hom-arrow-span : span l4 A' B
  pr1 left-concat-hom-arrow-span = spanning-type-left-concat-hom-arrow-span
  pr1 (pr2 left-concat-hom-arrow-span) = left-map-left-concat-hom-arrow-span
  pr2 (pr2 left-concat-hom-arrow-span) = right-map-left-concat-hom-arrow-span

Concatenating spans and morphisms of arrows on the right

Consider a span s given by

       f       g
  A <----- S -----> B

and a morphism of arrows h : hom-arrow g' g as indicated in the diagram

               g'
           S' ----> B'
           |        |
        h₀ |        | h₁
           V        V
  A <----- S -----> B.
       f       g

Then we obtain a span A <- S' -> B'.

module _
  {l1 l2 l3 l4 l5 : Level} {A : UU l1} {B : UU l2}
  (s : span l3 A B)
  {S' : UU l4} {B' : UU l5} (g' : S'  B')
  (h : hom-arrow g' (right-map-span s))
  where

  spanning-type-right-concat-hom-arrow-span : UU l4
  spanning-type-right-concat-hom-arrow-span = S'

  left-map-right-concat-hom-arrow-span :
    spanning-type-right-concat-hom-arrow-span  A
  left-map-right-concat-hom-arrow-span =
    left-map-span s  map-domain-hom-arrow g' (right-map-span s) h

  right-map-right-concat-hom-arrow-span :
    spanning-type-right-concat-hom-arrow-span  B'
  right-map-right-concat-hom-arrow-span = g'

  right-concat-hom-arrow-span : span l4 A B'
  pr1 right-concat-hom-arrow-span = spanning-type-right-concat-hom-arrow-span
  pr1 (pr2 right-concat-hom-arrow-span) = left-map-right-concat-hom-arrow-span
  pr2 (pr2 right-concat-hom-arrow-span) = right-map-right-concat-hom-arrow-span

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