Decidable propositions

Content created by Fredrik Bakke, Jonathan Prieto-Cubides, Egbert Rijke and Victor Blanchi.

Created on 2022-03-31.
Last modified on 2023-06-07.

module univalent-combinatorics.decidable-propositions where

open import foundation.decidable-propositions public
open import elementary-number-theory.natural-numbers

open import foundation.coproduct-types
open import foundation.decidable-equality
open import foundation.decidable-types
open import foundation.dependent-pair-types
open import foundation.equivalences
open import foundation.identity-types
open import foundation.propositions
open import foundation.universe-levels

open import univalent-combinatorics.counting
open import univalent-combinatorics.standard-finite-types

Propositions have countings if and only if they are decidable

is-decidable-count :
  {l : Level} {X : UU l}  count X  is-decidable X
is-decidable-count (pair zero-ℕ e) =
  inr (is-empty-is-zero-number-of-elements-count (pair zero-ℕ e) refl)
is-decidable-count (pair (succ-ℕ k) e) =
  inl (map-equiv e (zero-Fin k))

count-is-decidable-is-prop :
  {l : Level} {A : UU l}  is-prop A  is-decidable A  count A
count-is-decidable-is-prop H (inl x) =
  count-is-contr (is-proof-irrelevant-is-prop H x)
count-is-decidable-is-prop H (inr f) = count-is-empty f

count-Decidable-Prop :
  {l1 : Level} (P : Prop l1) 
  is-decidable (type-Prop P)  count (type-Prop P)
count-Decidable-Prop P (inl p) =
  count-is-contr (is-proof-irrelevant-is-prop (is-prop-type-Prop P) p)
count-Decidable-Prop P (inr f) = count-is-empty f

We can count the elements of an identity type of a type that has decidable equality

cases-count-eq :
  {l : Level} {X : UU l} (d : has-decidable-equality X) {x y : X}
  (e : is-decidable (Id x y))  count (Id x y)
cases-count-eq d {x} {y} (inl p) =
    ( is-proof-irrelevant-is-prop (is-set-has-decidable-equality d x y) p)
cases-count-eq d (inr f) =
  count-is-empty f

count-eq :
  {l : Level} {X : UU l}  has-decidable-equality X  (x y : X)  count (Id x y)
count-eq d x y = cases-count-eq d (d x y)

cases-number-of-elements-count-eq' :
  {l : Level} {X : UU l} {x y : X} 
  is-decidable (Id x y)  
cases-number-of-elements-count-eq' (inl p) = 1
cases-number-of-elements-count-eq' (inr f) = 0

number-of-elements-count-eq' :
  {l : Level} {X : UU l} (d : has-decidable-equality X) (x y : X)  
number-of-elements-count-eq' d x y =
  cases-number-of-elements-count-eq' (d x y)

cases-number-of-elements-count-eq :
  {l : Level} {X : UU l} (d : has-decidable-equality X) {x y : X}
  (e : is-decidable (Id x y)) 
    ( number-of-elements-count (cases-count-eq d e))
    ( cases-number-of-elements-count-eq' e)
cases-number-of-elements-count-eq d (inl p) = refl
cases-number-of-elements-count-eq d (inr f) = refl

  number-of-elements-count-eq :
    {l : Level} {X : UU l} (d : has-decidable-equality X) (x y : X) 
    Id ( number-of-elements-count (count-eq d x y))
      ( number-of-elements-count-eq' d x y)
  number-of-elements-count-eq d x y =
    cases-number-of-elements-count-eq d (d x y)

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