Congruence relations on semigroups

Content created by Egbert Rijke, Fredrik Bakke, Jonathan Prieto-Cubides, Julian KG, fernabnor and louismntnu.

Created on 2022-08-18.
Last modified on 2024-01-11.

module group-theory.congruence-relations-semigroups where
open import foundation.binary-relations
open import foundation.dependent-pair-types
open import foundation.equivalence-relations
open import foundation.equivalences
open import foundation.fundamental-theorem-of-identity-types
open import foundation.identity-types
open import foundation.propositions
open import foundation.subtype-identity-principle
open import foundation.torsorial-type-families
open import foundation.universe-levels

open import group-theory.semigroups


A congruence relation on a semigroup G is an equivalence relation on G such that for every x1 x2 y1 y2 : G such that x1 ≡ x2 and y1 ≡ y2 we have x1 · y1 ≡ x2 · y2.


is-congruence-prop-Semigroup :
  {l1 l2 : Level} (G : Semigroup l1) 
  equivalence-relation l2 (type-Semigroup G)  Prop (l1  l2)
is-congruence-prop-Semigroup G R =
    ( type-Semigroup G)
    ( λ x1 
        ( type-Semigroup G)
        ( λ x2 
            ( type-Semigroup G)
            ( λ y1 
                ( type-Semigroup G)
                ( λ y2 
                    ( sim-equivalence-relation R x1 x2)
                    ( function-Prop
                      ( sim-equivalence-relation R y1 y2)
                      ( prop-equivalence-relation R
                        ( mul-Semigroup G x1 y1)
                        ( mul-Semigroup G x2 y2)))))))

is-congruence-Semigroup :
  {l1 l2 : Level} (G : Semigroup l1) 
  equivalence-relation l2 (type-Semigroup G)  UU (l1  l2)
is-congruence-Semigroup G R =
  type-Prop (is-congruence-prop-Semigroup G R)

is-prop-is-congruence-Semigroup :
  {l1 l2 : Level} (G : Semigroup l1)
  (R : equivalence-relation l2 (type-Semigroup G)) 
  is-prop (is-congruence-Semigroup G R)
is-prop-is-congruence-Semigroup G R =
  is-prop-type-Prop (is-congruence-prop-Semigroup G R)

congruence-Semigroup :
  {l : Level} (l2 : Level) (G : Semigroup l)  UU (l  lsuc l2)
congruence-Semigroup l2 G =
  Σ (equivalence-relation l2 (type-Semigroup G)) (is-congruence-Semigroup G)

module _
  {l1 l2 : Level} (G : Semigroup l1) (R : congruence-Semigroup l2 G)

  equivalence-relation-congruence-Semigroup :
    equivalence-relation l2 (type-Semigroup G)
  equivalence-relation-congruence-Semigroup = pr1 R

  prop-congruence-Semigroup : Relation-Prop l2 (type-Semigroup G)
  prop-congruence-Semigroup =
    prop-equivalence-relation equivalence-relation-congruence-Semigroup

  sim-congruence-Semigroup : (x y : type-Semigroup G)  UU l2
  sim-congruence-Semigroup =
    sim-equivalence-relation equivalence-relation-congruence-Semigroup

  is-prop-sim-congruence-Semigroup :
    (x y : type-Semigroup G)  is-prop (sim-congruence-Semigroup x y)
  is-prop-sim-congruence-Semigroup =
    is-prop-sim-equivalence-relation equivalence-relation-congruence-Semigroup

  refl-congruence-Semigroup : is-reflexive sim-congruence-Semigroup
  refl-congruence-Semigroup =
    refl-equivalence-relation equivalence-relation-congruence-Semigroup

  symmetric-congruence-Semigroup : is-symmetric sim-congruence-Semigroup
  symmetric-congruence-Semigroup =
    symmetric-equivalence-relation equivalence-relation-congruence-Semigroup

  equiv-symmetric-congruence-Semigroup :
    (x y : type-Semigroup G) 
    sim-congruence-Semigroup x y  sim-congruence-Semigroup y x
  equiv-symmetric-congruence-Semigroup x y =
      ( equivalence-relation-congruence-Semigroup)

  transitive-congruence-Semigroup : is-transitive sim-congruence-Semigroup
  transitive-congruence-Semigroup =
    transitive-equivalence-relation equivalence-relation-congruence-Semigroup

  mul-congruence-Semigroup :
    is-congruence-Semigroup G equivalence-relation-congruence-Semigroup
  mul-congruence-Semigroup = pr2 R


Characterizing equality of congruences of semigroups

relate-same-elements-congruence-Semigroup :
  {l1 l2 l3 : Level} (G : Semigroup l1) 
  congruence-Semigroup l2 G  congruence-Semigroup l3 G  UU (l1  l2  l3)
relate-same-elements-congruence-Semigroup G R S =
    ( equivalence-relation-congruence-Semigroup G R)
    ( equivalence-relation-congruence-Semigroup G S)

refl-relate-same-elements-congruence-Semigroup :
  {l1 l2 : Level} (G : Semigroup l1) (R : congruence-Semigroup l2 G) 
  relate-same-elements-congruence-Semigroup G R R
refl-relate-same-elements-congruence-Semigroup G R =
    ( equivalence-relation-congruence-Semigroup G R)

is-torsorial-relate-same-elements-congruence-Semigroup :
  {l1 l2 : Level} (G : Semigroup l1) (R : congruence-Semigroup l2 G) 
  is-torsorial (relate-same-elements-congruence-Semigroup G R)
is-torsorial-relate-same-elements-congruence-Semigroup G R =
    ( is-torsorial-relate-same-elements-equivalence-relation
      ( equivalence-relation-congruence-Semigroup G R))
    ( is-prop-is-congruence-Semigroup G)
    ( equivalence-relation-congruence-Semigroup G R)
    ( refl-relate-same-elements-congruence-Semigroup G R)
    ( mul-congruence-Semigroup G R)

relate-same-elements-eq-congruence-Semigroup :
  {l1 l2 : Level} (G : Semigroup l1) (R S : congruence-Semigroup l2 G) 
  R  S  relate-same-elements-congruence-Semigroup G R S
relate-same-elements-eq-congruence-Semigroup G R .R refl =
  refl-relate-same-elements-congruence-Semigroup G R

is-equiv-relate-same-elements-eq-congruence-Semigroup :
  {l1 l2 : Level} (G : Semigroup l1) (R S : congruence-Semigroup l2 G) 
  is-equiv (relate-same-elements-eq-congruence-Semigroup G R S)
is-equiv-relate-same-elements-eq-congruence-Semigroup G R =
    ( is-torsorial-relate-same-elements-congruence-Semigroup G R)
    ( relate-same-elements-eq-congruence-Semigroup G R)

extensionality-congruence-Semigroup :
  {l1 l2 : Level} (G : Semigroup l1) (R S : congruence-Semigroup l2 G) 
  (R  S)  relate-same-elements-congruence-Semigroup G R S
pr1 (extensionality-congruence-Semigroup G R S) =
  relate-same-elements-eq-congruence-Semigroup G R S
pr2 (extensionality-congruence-Semigroup G R S) =
  is-equiv-relate-same-elements-eq-congruence-Semigroup G R S

eq-relate-same-elements-congruence-Semigroup :
  {l1 l2 : Level} (G : Semigroup l1) (R S : congruence-Semigroup l2 G) 
  relate-same-elements-congruence-Semigroup G R S  R  S
eq-relate-same-elements-congruence-Semigroup G R S =
  map-inv-equiv (extensionality-congruence-Semigroup G R S)

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