Morphisms of directed graphs

Content created by Egbert Rijke, Fredrik Bakke and Jonathan Prieto-Cubides.

Created on 2022-03-22.
Last modified on 2024-01-11.

module graph-theory.morphisms-directed-graphs where
Imports
open import foundation.binary-transport
open import foundation.dependent-pair-types
open import foundation.equality-dependent-function-types
open import foundation.equivalences
open import foundation.function-types
open import foundation.functoriality-dependent-pair-types
open import foundation.fundamental-theorem-of-identity-types
open import foundation.homotopies
open import foundation.homotopy-induction
open import foundation.identity-types
open import foundation.structure-identity-principle
open import foundation.torsorial-type-families
open import foundation.universe-levels

open import graph-theory.directed-graphs

Idea

A morphism of directed graphs from G to H consists of a map f from the vertices of G to the vertices of H, and a family of maps from the edges E_G x y in Gto the edgesE_H (f x) (f y)inH`.

Definitions

Morphisms of directed graphs

module _
  {l1 l2 l3 l4 : Level}
  (G : Directed-Graph l1 l2) (H : Directed-Graph l3 l4)
  where

  hom-Directed-Graph : UU (l1  l2  l3  l4)
  hom-Directed-Graph =
    Σ ( vertex-Directed-Graph G  vertex-Directed-Graph H)
      ( λ α 
        (x y : vertex-Directed-Graph G) 
        edge-Directed-Graph G x y  edge-Directed-Graph H (α x) (α y))

  module _
    (f : hom-Directed-Graph)
    where

    vertex-hom-Directed-Graph :
      vertex-Directed-Graph G  vertex-Directed-Graph H
    vertex-hom-Directed-Graph = pr1 f

    edge-hom-Directed-Graph :
      {x y : vertex-Directed-Graph G} (e : edge-Directed-Graph G x y) 
      edge-Directed-Graph H
        ( vertex-hom-Directed-Graph x)
        ( vertex-hom-Directed-Graph y)
    edge-hom-Directed-Graph {x} {y} e = pr2 f x y e

    direct-predecessor-hom-Directed-Graph :
      (x : vertex-Directed-Graph G) 
      direct-predecessor-Directed-Graph G x 
      direct-predecessor-Directed-Graph H (vertex-hom-Directed-Graph x)
    direct-predecessor-hom-Directed-Graph x =
      map-Σ
        ( λ y  edge-Directed-Graph H y (vertex-hom-Directed-Graph x))
        ( vertex-hom-Directed-Graph)
        ( λ y  edge-hom-Directed-Graph)

    direct-successor-hom-Directed-Graph :
      (x : vertex-Directed-Graph G) 
      direct-successor-Directed-Graph G x 
      direct-successor-Directed-Graph H (vertex-hom-Directed-Graph x)
    direct-successor-hom-Directed-Graph x =
      map-Σ
        ( edge-Directed-Graph H (vertex-hom-Directed-Graph x))
        ( vertex-hom-Directed-Graph)
        ( λ y  edge-hom-Directed-Graph)

Composition of morphisms graphs

module _
  {l1 l2 l3 l4 l5 l6 : Level}
  (G : Directed-Graph l1 l2) (H : Directed-Graph l3 l4)
  (K : Directed-Graph l5 l6)
  where

  vertex-comp-hom-Directed-Graph :
    hom-Directed-Graph H K  hom-Directed-Graph G H 
    vertex-Directed-Graph G  vertex-Directed-Graph K
  vertex-comp-hom-Directed-Graph g f =
    (vertex-hom-Directed-Graph H K g)  (vertex-hom-Directed-Graph G H f)

  edge-comp-hom-Directed-Graph :
    (g : hom-Directed-Graph H K) (f : hom-Directed-Graph G H)
    (x y : vertex-Directed-Graph G) 
    edge-Directed-Graph G x y 
    edge-Directed-Graph K
      ( vertex-comp-hom-Directed-Graph g f x)
      ( vertex-comp-hom-Directed-Graph g f y)
  edge-comp-hom-Directed-Graph g f x y e =
    edge-hom-Directed-Graph H K g (edge-hom-Directed-Graph G H f e)

  comp-hom-Directed-Graph :
    hom-Directed-Graph H K  hom-Directed-Graph G H 
    hom-Directed-Graph G K
  pr1 (comp-hom-Directed-Graph g f) = vertex-comp-hom-Directed-Graph g f
  pr2 (comp-hom-Directed-Graph g f) = edge-comp-hom-Directed-Graph g f

Identity morphisms graphs

module _
  {l1 l2 : Level} (G : Directed-Graph l1 l2)
  where

  id-hom-Directed-Graph : hom-Directed-Graph G G
  pr1 id-hom-Directed-Graph = id
  pr2 id-hom-Directed-Graph _ _ = id

Properties

Characterizing the identity type of morphisms graphs

module _
  {l1 l2 l3 l4 : Level} (G : Directed-Graph l1 l2) (H : Directed-Graph l3 l4)
  where

  htpy-hom-Directed-Graph :
    (f g : hom-Directed-Graph G H)  UU (l1  l2  l3  l4)
  htpy-hom-Directed-Graph f g =
    Σ ( vertex-hom-Directed-Graph G H f ~ vertex-hom-Directed-Graph G H g)
      ( λ α 
        ( x y : vertex-Directed-Graph G) (e : edge-Directed-Graph G x y) 
        binary-tr
          ( edge-Directed-Graph H)
          ( α x)
          ( α y)
          ( edge-hom-Directed-Graph G H f e) 
        edge-hom-Directed-Graph G H g e)

  module _
    (f g : hom-Directed-Graph G H) (α : htpy-hom-Directed-Graph f g)
    where

    vertex-htpy-hom-Directed-Graph :
      vertex-hom-Directed-Graph G H f ~ vertex-hom-Directed-Graph G H g
    vertex-htpy-hom-Directed-Graph = pr1 α

    edge-htpy-hom-Directed-Graph :
      (x y : vertex-Directed-Graph G) (e : edge-Directed-Graph G x y) 
      binary-tr
        ( edge-Directed-Graph H)
        ( vertex-htpy-hom-Directed-Graph x)
        ( vertex-htpy-hom-Directed-Graph y)
        ( edge-hom-Directed-Graph G H f e) 
      edge-hom-Directed-Graph G H g e
    edge-htpy-hom-Directed-Graph = pr2 α

  refl-htpy-hom-Directed-Graph :
    (f : hom-Directed-Graph G H)  htpy-hom-Directed-Graph f f
  pr1 (refl-htpy-hom-Directed-Graph f) = refl-htpy
  pr2 (refl-htpy-hom-Directed-Graph f) x y e = refl

  htpy-eq-hom-Directed-Graph :
    (f g : hom-Directed-Graph G H)  f  g  htpy-hom-Directed-Graph f g
  htpy-eq-hom-Directed-Graph f .f refl = refl-htpy-hom-Directed-Graph f

  is-torsorial-htpy-hom-Directed-Graph :
    (f : hom-Directed-Graph G H) 
    is-torsorial (htpy-hom-Directed-Graph f)
  is-torsorial-htpy-hom-Directed-Graph f =
    is-torsorial-Eq-structure
      ( is-torsorial-htpy (vertex-hom-Directed-Graph G H f))
      ( pair
        ( vertex-hom-Directed-Graph G H f)
        ( refl-htpy))
      ( is-torsorial-Eq-Π
        ( λ x 
          is-torsorial-Eq-Π
            ( λ y  is-torsorial-htpy (edge-hom-Directed-Graph G H f))))

  is-equiv-htpy-eq-hom-Directed-Graph :
    (f g : hom-Directed-Graph G H)  is-equiv (htpy-eq-hom-Directed-Graph f g)
  is-equiv-htpy-eq-hom-Directed-Graph f =
    fundamental-theorem-id
      ( is-torsorial-htpy-hom-Directed-Graph f)
      ( htpy-eq-hom-Directed-Graph f)

  extensionality-hom-Directed-Graph :
    (f g : hom-Directed-Graph G H)  (f  g)  htpy-hom-Directed-Graph f g
  pr1 (extensionality-hom-Directed-Graph f g) = htpy-eq-hom-Directed-Graph f g
  pr2 (extensionality-hom-Directed-Graph f g) =
    is-equiv-htpy-eq-hom-Directed-Graph f g

  eq-htpy-hom-Directed-Graph :
    (f g : hom-Directed-Graph G H)  htpy-hom-Directed-Graph f g  (f  g)
  eq-htpy-hom-Directed-Graph f g =
    map-inv-equiv (extensionality-hom-Directed-Graph f g)

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