Vectors on rings

Content created by Fredrik Bakke, Egbert Rijke, Jonathan Prieto-Cubides, Dylan Braithwaite, Erik Schnetter, Fernando Chu and Victor Blanchi.

Created on 2022-03-15.
Last modified on 2024-03-11.

module linear-algebra.vectors-on-rings where
open import elementary-number-theory.natural-numbers

open import foundation.action-on-identifications-binary-functions
open import foundation.dependent-pair-types
open import foundation.function-extensionality
open import foundation.identity-types
open import foundation.unital-binary-operations
open import foundation.universe-levels

open import group-theory.abelian-groups
open import group-theory.commutative-monoids
open import group-theory.groups
open import group-theory.monoids
open import group-theory.semigroups

open import linear-algebra.constant-vectors
open import linear-algebra.functoriality-vectors
open import linear-algebra.vectors

open import ring-theory.rings


Given a ring R, the type vec n R of R-vectors is an R-module.


Listed vectors on rings

module _
  {l : Level} (R : Ring l)

  vec-Ring :   UU l
  vec-Ring = vec (type-Ring R)

  head-vec-Ring : {n : }  vec-Ring (succ-ℕ n)  type-Ring R
  head-vec-Ring v = head-vec v

  tail-vec-Ring : {n : }  vec-Ring (succ-ℕ n)  vec-Ring n
  tail-vec-Ring v = tail-vec v

  snoc-vec-Ring : {n : }  vec-Ring n  type-Ring R  vec-Ring (succ-ℕ n)
  snoc-vec-Ring v r = snoc-vec v r

Functional vectors on rings

module _
  {l : Level} (R : Ring l)

  functional-vec-Ring :   UU l
  functional-vec-Ring = functional-vec (type-Ring R)

  head-functional-vec-Ring :
    (n : )  functional-vec-Ring (succ-ℕ n)  type-Ring R
  head-functional-vec-Ring n v = head-functional-vec n v

  tail-functional-vec-Ring :
    (n : )  functional-vec-Ring (succ-ℕ n)  functional-vec-Ring n
  tail-functional-vec-Ring = tail-functional-vec

  cons-functional-vec-Ring :
    (n : )  type-Ring R 
    functional-vec-Ring n  functional-vec-Ring (succ-ℕ n)
  cons-functional-vec-Ring = cons-functional-vec

  snoc-functional-vec-Ring :
    (n : )  functional-vec-Ring n  type-Ring R 
    functional-vec-Ring (succ-ℕ n)
  snoc-functional-vec-Ring = snoc-functional-vec

Zero vector on a ring

The zero listed vector

module _
  {l : Level} (R : Ring l)

  zero-vec-Ring : {n : }  vec-Ring R n
  zero-vec-Ring = constant-vec (zero-Ring R)

The zero functional vector

module _
  {l : Level} (R : Ring l)

  zero-functional-vec-Ring : (n : )  functional-vec-Ring R n
  zero-functional-vec-Ring n i = zero-Ring R

Pointwise addition of vectors on a ring

Pointwise addition of listed vectors on a ring

module _
  {l : Level} (R : Ring l)

  add-vec-Ring : {n : }  vec-Ring R n  vec-Ring R n  vec-Ring R n
  add-vec-Ring = binary-map-vec (add-Ring R)

  associative-add-vec-Ring :
    {n : } (v1 v2 v3 : vec-Ring R n) 
      ( add-vec-Ring (add-vec-Ring v1 v2) v3)
      ( add-vec-Ring v1 (add-vec-Ring v2 v3))
  associative-add-vec-Ring empty-vec empty-vec empty-vec = refl
  associative-add-vec-Ring (x  v1) (y  v2) (z  v3) =
    ap-binary _∷_
      ( associative-add-Ring R x y z)
      ( associative-add-vec-Ring v1 v2 v3)

  vec-Ring-Semigroup :   Semigroup l
  pr1 (vec-Ring-Semigroup n) = vec-Set (set-Ring R) n
  pr1 (pr2 (vec-Ring-Semigroup n)) = add-vec-Ring
  pr2 (pr2 (vec-Ring-Semigroup n)) = associative-add-vec-Ring

  left-unit-law-add-vec-Ring :
    {n : } (v : vec-Ring R n)  Id (add-vec-Ring (zero-vec-Ring R) v) v
  left-unit-law-add-vec-Ring empty-vec = refl
  left-unit-law-add-vec-Ring (x  v) =
    ap-binary _∷_
      ( left-unit-law-add-Ring R x)
      ( left-unit-law-add-vec-Ring v)

  right-unit-law-add-vec-Ring :
    {n : } (v : vec-Ring R n)  Id (add-vec-Ring v (zero-vec-Ring R)) v
  right-unit-law-add-vec-Ring empty-vec = refl
  right-unit-law-add-vec-Ring (x  v) =
    ap-binary _∷_
      ( right-unit-law-add-Ring R x)
      ( right-unit-law-add-vec-Ring v)

  vec-Ring-Monoid :   Monoid l
  pr1 (vec-Ring-Monoid n) = vec-Ring-Semigroup n
  pr1 (pr2 (vec-Ring-Monoid n)) = zero-vec-Ring R
  pr1 (pr2 (pr2 (vec-Ring-Monoid n))) = left-unit-law-add-vec-Ring
  pr2 (pr2 (pr2 (vec-Ring-Monoid n))) = right-unit-law-add-vec-Ring

  commutative-add-vec-Ring :
    {n : } (v w : vec-Ring R n)  Id (add-vec-Ring v w) (add-vec-Ring w v)
  commutative-add-vec-Ring empty-vec empty-vec = refl
  commutative-add-vec-Ring (x  v) (y  w) =
    ap-binary _∷_
      ( commutative-add-Ring R x y)
      ( commutative-add-vec-Ring v w)

  vec-Ring-Commutative-Monoid :   Commutative-Monoid l
  pr1 (vec-Ring-Commutative-Monoid n) = vec-Ring-Monoid n
  pr2 (vec-Ring-Commutative-Monoid n) = commutative-add-vec-Ring

Pointwise addition of functional vectors on a ring

module _
  {l : Level} (R : Ring l)

  add-functional-vec-Ring :
    (n : ) (v w : functional-vec-Ring R n)  functional-vec-Ring R n
  add-functional-vec-Ring n = binary-map-functional-vec n (add-Ring R)

  associative-add-functional-vec-Ring :
    (n : ) (v1 v2 v3 : functional-vec-Ring R n) 
    ( add-functional-vec-Ring n (add-functional-vec-Ring n v1 v2) v3) 
    ( add-functional-vec-Ring n v1 (add-functional-vec-Ring n v2 v3))
  associative-add-functional-vec-Ring n v1 v2 v3 =
    eq-htpy  i  associative-add-Ring R (v1 i) (v2 i) (v3 i))

  functional-vec-Ring-Semigroup :   Semigroup l
  pr1 (functional-vec-Ring-Semigroup n) = functional-vec-Set (set-Ring R) n
  pr1 (pr2 (functional-vec-Ring-Semigroup n)) = add-functional-vec-Ring n
  pr2 (pr2 (functional-vec-Ring-Semigroup n)) =
    associative-add-functional-vec-Ring n

  left-unit-law-add-functional-vec-Ring :
    (n : ) (v : functional-vec-Ring R n) 
    add-functional-vec-Ring n (zero-functional-vec-Ring R n) v  v
  left-unit-law-add-functional-vec-Ring n v =
    eq-htpy  i  left-unit-law-add-Ring R (v i))

  right-unit-law-add-functional-vec-Ring :
    (n : ) (v : functional-vec-Ring R n) 
    add-functional-vec-Ring n v (zero-functional-vec-Ring R n)  v
  right-unit-law-add-functional-vec-Ring n v =
    eq-htpy  i  right-unit-law-add-Ring R (v i))

  functional-vec-Ring-Monoid :   Monoid l
  pr1 (functional-vec-Ring-Monoid n) =
    functional-vec-Ring-Semigroup n
  pr1 (pr2 (functional-vec-Ring-Monoid n)) =
    zero-functional-vec-Ring R n
  pr1 (pr2 (pr2 (functional-vec-Ring-Monoid n))) =
    left-unit-law-add-functional-vec-Ring n
  pr2 (pr2 (pr2 (functional-vec-Ring-Monoid n))) =
    right-unit-law-add-functional-vec-Ring n

  commutative-add-functional-vec-Ring :
    (n : ) (v w : functional-vec-Ring R n) 
    add-functional-vec-Ring n v w  add-functional-vec-Ring n w v
  commutative-add-functional-vec-Ring n v w =
    eq-htpy  i  commutative-add-Ring R (v i) (w i))

  functional-vec-Ring-Commutative-Monoid :   Commutative-Monoid l
  pr1 (functional-vec-Ring-Commutative-Monoid n) =
    functional-vec-Ring-Monoid n
  pr2 (functional-vec-Ring-Commutative-Monoid n) =
    commutative-add-functional-vec-Ring n

The negative of a vector on a ring

module _
  {l : Level} (R : Ring l)

  neg-vec-Ring : {n : }  vec-Ring R n  vec-Ring R n
  neg-vec-Ring = map-vec (neg-Ring R)

  left-inverse-law-add-vec-Ring :
    {n : } (v : vec-Ring R n) 
    Id (add-vec-Ring R (neg-vec-Ring v) v) (zero-vec-Ring R)
  left-inverse-law-add-vec-Ring empty-vec = refl
  left-inverse-law-add-vec-Ring (x  v) =
    ap-binary _∷_
      ( left-inverse-law-add-Ring R x)
      ( left-inverse-law-add-vec-Ring v)

  right-inverse-law-add-vec-Ring :
    {n : } (v : vec-Ring R n) 
    Id (add-vec-Ring R v (neg-vec-Ring v)) (zero-vec-Ring R)
  right-inverse-law-add-vec-Ring empty-vec = refl
  right-inverse-law-add-vec-Ring (x  v) =
    ap-binary _∷_
      ( right-inverse-law-add-Ring R x)
      ( right-inverse-law-add-vec-Ring v)

  is-unital-vec-Ring : (n : )  is-unital (add-vec-Ring R {n})
  pr1 (is-unital-vec-Ring n) = zero-vec-Ring R
  pr1 (pr2 (is-unital-vec-Ring n)) = left-unit-law-add-vec-Ring R
  pr2 (pr2 (is-unital-vec-Ring n)) = right-unit-law-add-vec-Ring R

  is-group-vec-Ring : (n : )  is-group-Semigroup (vec-Ring-Semigroup R n)
  pr1 (is-group-vec-Ring n) = is-unital-vec-Ring n
  pr1 (pr2 (is-group-vec-Ring n)) = neg-vec-Ring
  pr1 (pr2 (pr2 (is-group-vec-Ring n))) = left-inverse-law-add-vec-Ring
  pr2 (pr2 (pr2 (is-group-vec-Ring n))) = right-inverse-law-add-vec-Ring

  vec-Ring-Group :   Group l
  pr1 (vec-Ring-Group n) = vec-Ring-Semigroup R n
  pr2 (vec-Ring-Group n) = is-group-vec-Ring n

  vec-Ring-Ab :   Ab l
  pr1 (vec-Ring-Ab n) = vec-Ring-Group n
  pr2 (vec-Ring-Ab n) = commutative-add-vec-Ring R

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